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What is the contour of health in relation to stomach fat and death?
27 Jan' 21

What is the contour of health in relation to stomach fat and death?

 

 

BMI or body mass index, has long been the gold standard for determining weight status and health risk. BMI is a common measurement method since it is quick, easy, and inexpensive. It is a computation of your size that takes into consideration your height and weight. However, it doesn't examine how much fat a person has or how it's distributed throughout the body, which are both important indications of metabolic health. A recent study looked at various body shape measurements specifically, central or abdominal fat to see which ones were the most predictive of premature death.


Abdominal obesity is linked to an increased risk of death:


The researchers looked at the waist, hip, and thigh circumferences, as well as the waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio, waist-to-thigh ratio, body adiposity index (which includes hip circumference and height) and a body form index (calculated from waist circumference, BMI and height). 

 

Read more Low-calorie, satisfying foods that aid in weight reduction

 

They discovered that having a bigger hip and thigh circumference (often known as a pear shape) was linked to a lower risk of mortality from any cause. All other indicators of centrally placed fat (often referred to as an apple shape) were linked to a greater risk of death. That is the higher a person's risk of dying from any cause, the more belly fat they have. 


What do these findings imply? 


These findings suggest that not just the total amount of body fat, but also the placement of that fat on a person's body, influence health risks. A previous study has found that abdominal obesity is more strongly linked to cardiovascular risk factors such as high blood pressure, high blood triglyceride levels and type 2 diabetes than overall obesity. It's even been connected to dementia, asthma, and various malignancies, according to research. Visceral fat around the liver and internal organs, in particular, is highly inflammatory and physiologically disruptive, releasing inflammatory chemicals that contribute to insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and, eventually, cardiovascular disease. Fat in the hips and thighs, on the other hand, is protective. Lower total cholesterol, LDL (or bad) cholesterol, triglycerides, arterial calcification, blood pressure, blood glucose, and insulin levels, and higher insulin sensitivity are all linked to these beneficial effects. 


Read more Raw vegan diet 

 

Taken together, these data highlight the need of combining BMI with measurements of abdominal fat to completely assess a person's health. They did not, for example, look at the link between abdominal obesity and mortality in different races or ethnicities. A 2005 study found that waist circumference was a stronger predictor of cardiovascular disease risk than BMI, and suggested alternative waist circumference cutoffs based on race/ethnicity and gender for determining that risk more precisely. 

More recently, the American Heart Association issued a statement in 2015 warning about the misclassification of obesity (and cardiovascular risk) across various racial and ethnic groups. Current risk thresholds, in particular, may underestimate risk in Asian people while overestimating risk in Black ones.

As a result, persons in these groups may have a distorted perception of their weight, and clinicians may fail to provide suitable treatment alternatives. 

 

Read more5 diet sins

 

What can you do to lower your chances? 

How do you loose abdominal fat is a question that everyone wants to know the answer to. There's good news and terrible news, to be sure. An older study that looked at fat distribution in identical and fraternal twins confirmed the bad news: heredity plays a big role in how your body stores fat.The good news is that abdominal fat responds to the same behavioral habits and tactics that are recommended for whole-body fat loss and overall wellness. Some of the strategies are as follows: 

  • Eat a well-balanced diet with lean protein, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. 
  • Limit your intake of processed carbs, particularly added sugars, which are sugars that do not occur naturally in food. 
  • Get enough exercise, at least 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity every week. 
  • Get enough restful sleep: most adults need seven to eight hours of sleep per night. 
  • Stress is associated with the release of the hormone cortisol, which has been linked to abdominal weight growth

For expert advice on diet and nutrition click here

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