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World Contraception Day 2021: What you need to know about contraception
27 Jan' 21

World Contraception Day 2021: What you need to know about contraception

 

The 26th of September is World Contraception Day. The goal is to raise awareness of all available contraceptive techniques so that young people may make educated decisions about their sexual and reproductive health.

What is contraception?  
A procedure, pill, or device used to prevent conception is known as contraception.  
 
What is the mechanism of contraception?  
A mature egg must be fertilized by sperm and implanted in the uterine lining for pregnancy to occur (womb). In the testicles, fresh sperm cells are regularly produced after puberty. The vas deferens is a pair of tubes that transport sperm from the testicles. These tubes travel through the seminal vesicles and prostate, which combine to form semen . Semen then exits the penis through a single tube known as the urethra.
  • Ovulation is the release of a mature egg from one of the ovaries throughout each menstrual cycle. The discharged egg travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus
  • Fertilization occurs when an egg meets and combines with sperm after ovulation. The combined egg and sperm (embryo) can attach to the uterine lining once fertilized (womb)
  • Contraception disrupts a component of this process, preventing sperm from fertilizing a developed egg. Each form of contraception has its own set of advantages and disadvantages
Contraception comes in many forms.
  • Condoms  
  • Contraceptives that are taken orally (the pill)  
  • Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are medical devices that are implanted
  • TubectomyVasectomy
Contraception's Importance  
Everyone's health depends on having access to contraceptive information and techniques. Preventing unplanned pregnancies is critical to lowering the rate of maternal illness and death. Contraception and family planning can help defer pregnancies in young girls and older women who are at a higher risk of health problems as a result of unwanted pregnancies. Contraception reduces the need for unsafe abortions while simultaneously lowering the danger of HIV transmission from mothers to babies by lowering the rate of unplanned births.  

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