Visual stories

Categories

World heart day 2021: Heart Attack Symptoms, Risk and Recovery
27 Jan' 21

World heart day 2021: Heart Attack Symptoms, Risk and Recovery

 

When one or more regions of the heart muscle are deprived of oxygen, a heart attack (myocardial infarction) occurs. When the blood supply to the heart muscle is impeded, this occurs.   
 
What Causes a Heart Attack?   
   
An accumulation of plaque in the arteries causes a blockage (atherosclerosis). Deposits, cholesterol, and other things make up plaque. A blood clot forms fast when a plaque fractures (ruptures). The actual cause of the heart attack is a blood clot.   
   
When the heart's blood and oxygen supply is cut off, the heart's muscle cells suffer damage and begin to die. Within 30 minutes of the obstruction, irreversible harm occurs. As a result, the cardiac muscle that has been harmed by a lack of oxygen is no longer affected.  
  
Who is more at risk from inherited (genetic) factors?   
   
These are the people who are most at risk:   
   
  • Those who have a family history of high blood pressure (hypertension)   
  • People who have a low HDL cholesterol level, a high LDL cholesterol level, or a high triglyceride level due to genetics   
  • People who have a history of heart disease in their family. This is especially true if your heart condition began before you were 55 years old.   
  • Men and women in their later years   
  • Type 1 diabetes patients   
  • Those who have experienced menopause. Men, on average, are exposed to risk at an earlier age than women. Women and men are both in danger after menopause.  
  
Who is more at risk due to acquired risk factors?   
   
These are the people who are most at risk:   
  • Those who have developed high blood pressure (hypertension)   
  • People who have a low HDL cholesterol level, a high LDL cholesterol level, or a high triglyceride level.   
  • Those that smoke cigarettes   
  • People who are under a great deal of pressure   
  • Those who use excessive amounts of alcohol   
  • Sedentary people are those who live a sedentary lifestyle.   
  • People who are 30 percent or more overweight People who consume a high-saturated-fat diet   
  • Type 2 diabetes patients   
Anyone can have a heart attack. You can take efforts to eliminate or lessen your risk factors if you take the time to determine which ones pertain to you.  
  
Heart Attack Signs and Symptoms   
   
The most common signs and symptoms of a heart attack are listed here. However, each person's symptoms may differ slightly.   
   
  • For more than a few minutes, severe pressure, fullness, squeezing, pain, or discomfort in the center of the chest   
  • Spreading pain or discomfort to the shoulders, neck, arms, or jaw   
  • Pain in the chest that is becoming worse   
  • Chest pain that doesn't go away after rest or nitroglycerin   
  • Chest pain that occurs in conjunction with any of the following symptoms:   
  • Sweating, clammy, chilly skin, or pallor   
  • Breathing problems   
  • Vomiting or nausea   
  • a feeling of dizziness or fainting   
  • Weakness or weariness that isn't explained   
  • Pulse that is fast or irregular  
  
After a heart attack, there are several options for treatment.   
   
The purpose of heart attack treatment is to alleviate pain, preserve heart muscle function, and avoid death.   
   
The following procedures may be performed in the emergency room:   
   
  • Intravenous nitroglycerin and morphine are examples of intravenous treatment.   
  • Heart and vital signs are constantly monitored.   
  • Improved oxygenation of the injured cardiac muscle with oxygen therapy   
  • Painkillers are used to alleviate discomfort. As a result, the heart's workload is reduced. The heart's oxygen requirement reduces.   
  • Beta-blockers, for example, are used to increase blood flow to the heart, enhance blood supply, avoid arrhythmias, and lower heart rate and blood pressure.   
  • Fibrinolytic therapy An intravenous infusion of a medication breaks the blood clot, allowing blood flow to resume.   
  • Aspirin or clopidogrel as antithrombin or antiplatelet treatment. This is used to keep the blood from clotting again.   
  • Antihyperlipidemic. Lipids (fats) in the blood are reduced by these drugs, notably low-density lipid (LDL) cholesterol. Statins are an antihyperlipidemic drug class. Simvastatin, atorvastatin, and pravastatin are some of them. Other drugs that may be used to decrease cholesterol levels include bile acid sequestrants (colesevelam, cholestyramine, and colestipol) and nicotinic acid (niacin).   
Other operations may be required to restore blood flow to the heart. Those procedures are described below.  
  
Angioplasty of the coronary arteries   
   
A balloon is utilized to generate a larger opening in the vessel to enhance blood flow in this treatment. This is frequently followed by the placement of a stent in the coronary artery to help keep it open. Angioplasty can be performed in different blood vessels throughout the body, but percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the term for angioplasty in the coronary arteries. More blood can flow into the heart as a result of this. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PCI) is another name for PCI (PTCA). PTCA procedures come in a variety of forms:   
   
  • Angioplasty with a balloon. To unblock the clogged artery, a tiny balloon is inflated inside the artery.   
  • Stent for the coronary artery. To unblock the clogged artery, a small coil is inflated inside the artery. To maintain the artery open, the stent is left in place.   
  • Atherectomy. A little device on the end of a catheter is used to chip away at the blocked spot inside the artery.   
  • Angioplasty with a laser. A laser is used to "vaporize" the arterial obstruction.  
  
Bypassing the coronary arteries   
   
Bypass surgery, or CABG, is the most frequent name for this procedure. It is frequently performed on persons who have angina (chest pain) and coronary artery disease. A plaque has built up in the arteries, causing coronary artery disease. A bypass is created during surgery by grafting a portion of the vein above and below the blocked region of a coronary artery. This allows blood to flow around the obstruction. The surgeon normally takes veins from the leg, but arteries from the chest or arm may also be used. To restore blood flow to all parts of the heart, you may need more than one bypass surgery. 
 

Comments

Write your first comment.

Leave us reply:

Related Blogs

Recognize when a brain injury is not to be taken lightly
07 Mar' 22

Recognize when a brain injury is not to be taken lightly

Recognize when a brain injury is not to be taken lightly. Injury to the body's most vital organ should always be addressed se...
What is constipation, exactly?
07 Mar' 22

What is constipation, exactly?

When constipation lasts for weeks or months, it is considered chronic. Constipation symptoms might indicate a variety of condition...
The way your breath smells could indicate a liver problem.
07 Feb' 22

The way your breath smells could indicate a liver problem.

Fatty liver disease, also known as hepatic steatosis, affects everyone differently. It doesn't matter if you're an alcoholic or a ...
Weight loss reduces the risk of colorectal cancer, according to a study
07 Feb' 22

Weight loss reduces the risk of colorectal cancer, according to a study

The results of a recent study offer some light on whether decreasing weight lowers cancer risk. Obese and overweight people who lo...
AIDS
07 Dec' 21

AIDS

AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, is a chronic, possibly fatal condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HI...
Is Zika virus contagious?
07 Nov' 21

Is Zika virus contagious?

The Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that was first discovered in monkeys in Uganda in 1947. It was originally detected i...
Why jaundice occurs in newborn?
07 Nov' 21

Why jaundice occurs in newborn?

The majority of newborn newborns turn a little yellow. This condition, known as jaundice, is a very frequent and typically harmles...
Psoriasis treatment
07 Nov' 21

Psoriasis treatment

Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes red, itchy scaly patches on the knees, elbows, trunk, and scalp, among other places. Ps...
What are the effects of Raynaud's disease?
07 Nov' 21

What are the effects of Raynaud's disease?

Raynaud's illness (ray-NOSE) causes numbness and coldness in some parts of your body, such as your fingers and toes, in response t...
How rickets affect your life?
07 Nov' 21

How rickets affect your life?

Rickets is a condition in which children's bones soften and deteriorate as a result of a severe and long-term vitamin D deficit. G...
Scurvy explained
07 Nov' 21

Scurvy explained

Scurvy, also known as severe vitamin C deficiency, is a disease caused by a lack of vitamin C. Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic a...
How does alkaptonuria affect the human body?
07 Nov' 21

How does alkaptonuria affect the human body?

Alkaptonuria, sometimes known as "black urine illness," is a rare genetic disorder in which the body is unable to fully break down...
Why does vertigo keep coming back?
07 Nov' 21

Why does vertigo keep coming back?

Vertigo is a sense of being thrown off balance. You may feel as if you are spinning or that the world around you is spinning if yo...
Yes, the Bubonic Plague is still present, but there's no need to be concerned
07 Nov' 21

Yes, the Bubonic Plague is still present, but there's no need to be concerned

The plague is a dangerous bacterial infection spread mostly by fleas. Yersinia pestis, the bacterium that causes plague, dwells in...
Why leprosy is referred to as living death?
07 Nov' 21

Why leprosy is referred to as living death?

Leprosy is a contagious disease that causes disfiguring skin sores and nerve damage in the arms, legs, and other regions of the bo...
Which toxin causes scarlet fever?
07 Nov' 21

Which toxin causes scarlet fever?

Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection caused by Streptococcus bacteria from the group A family. This illness affects a small perc...
Can benign prostatic hyperplasia be cured?
07 Nov' 21

Can benign prostatic hyperplasia be cured?

The most frequent benign tumor in males is benign prostatic hyperplasia, which is a noncancerous growth of the prostate gland. BP...
Can glaucoma be cured?
07 Nov' 21

Can glaucoma be cured?

Glaucoma is a set of eye diseases that affect the optic nerve, which transmits visual information from the retina to the brain and...
Pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms and treatment
07 Nov' 21

Pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms and treatment

The infection of the female reproductive organs is known as a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). It usually happens when bacteria ...
Will appendicitis go away?
07 Nov' 21

Will appendicitis go away?

Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a finger-shaped pouch on the lower right side of your belly that projects from yo
Hepatitis A symptoms and treatment
07 Nov' 21

Hepatitis A symptoms and treatment

Hepatitis A is a liver infection brought on by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The virus is spread largely when an uninfected (and un...
Will ulcerative colitis go away ?
07 Nov' 21

Will ulcerative colitis go away ?

The inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) ulcerative colitis causes inflammation and ulcers (sores) in the digestive tract. The innermo...
What causes a urinary tract infection?
07 Oct' 21

What causes a urinary tract infection?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) affects any component of your urinary system, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra...
What causes Anemia ?
07 Oct' 21

What causes Anemia ?

Anemia is a disorder in which the blood has an insufficient number of red blood cells. Anemia can make it harder for tissues to ac...
Can tetanus kill you ?
07 Oct' 21

Can tetanus kill you ?

Tetanus is a dangerous nervous system infection caused by toxin-producing bacteria. Muscle spasms, particularly in the jaw and nec...
Will Lyme disease kill you ?
07 Oct' 21

Will Lyme disease kill you ?

Lyme disease is caused by four different bacterium types. Lyme disease is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii in t...
Wilsons Disease symptoms and treatment
07 Oct' 21

Wilsons Disease symptoms and treatment

Wilson's illness is a rare genetic condition in which copper builds up in the liver, brain, and other important organs. Wilson's i...
Cholera
07 Oct' 21

Cholera

Cholera is a bacterial infection spread by drinking polluted water. Cholera causes dehydration and severe diarrhea. Cholera, if le...
Retinoblastoma
07 Oct' 21

Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma is a type of eye cancer that starts in the retina, which is the delicate inner lining of your eye. Retinoblastoma i...
Irritable bowel syndrome
07 Oct' 21

Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affects the large intestine and is a prevalent condition. Cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, ...
Kawasaki disease criteria
07 Oct' 21

Kawasaki disease criteria

Swelling (inflammation) of the walls of medium-sized arteries throughout the body is a symptom of Kawasaki illness. It is primaril...
Xeroderma pigmentosum
07 Oct' 21

Xeroderma pigmentosum

Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a relatively rare skin disorder in which a person is extremely photosensitive, has rapid skin ageing...
Parkinson's disease symptoms and treatment
07 Oct' 21

Parkinson's disease symptoms and treatment

This degenerative condition, which usually strikes adults over the age of 65, gradually robs people of their motor abilities, leav...
Keratosis pilaris
07 Oct' 21

Keratosis pilaris

Keratosis pilaris is a benign skin disorder that develops dry, rough patches and little bumps on the upper arms, thighs, cheeks, a...
Tuberculosis
07 Oct' 21

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially fatal infectious illness affecting mostly the lungs. Tuberculosis bacteria are communicated fro...
Rheumatic Fever
07 Oct' 21

Rheumatic Fever

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory condition that can arise from untreated strep throat or scarlet fever. An infection with the st...
Kwashiorkor
07 Oct' 21

Kwashiorkor

What is the cause of kwashiorkor? Lack of protein in the diet causes Kwashiorkor. Protein is found in every cell in your body...
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
07 Oct' 21

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

Lupus is a disease in which the immune system of your body assaults your tissues and organs (autoimmune disease). Lupus can induce...
Measles
07 Oct' 21

Measles

Measles, often known as rubeola, is a dangerous illness that can be fatal in young children. Despite the fact that death rates hav...
Shigella
07 Oct' 21

Shigella

Shigellosis (Shigella infection) is an intestinal infection caused by the shigella bacteria family. The most common symptom of shi...
Hemorrhoids
07 Oct' 21

Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids, often known as piles, are bulging veins in the anus and lower rectum that resemble varicose veins. Internal hemorrhoi...
What is fatty liver disease and what can be done about it?
07 Oct' 21

What is fatty liver disease and what can be done about it?

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a condition characterized by abnormal fat deposition in the liver, is on the rise in th...
What exactly is Dengue Fever?
07 Oct' 21

What exactly is Dengue Fever?

Dengue viruses are transmitted to humans via mosquito bites from infected Aedes species (Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus). Dengu...
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, What Exactly is PCOS?
07 Oct' 21

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, What Exactly is PCOS?

Skin and hair problems are often the most visible symptoms of PCOS, and thus the cause for seeking medical help. Menstrual abnorma...
Rabies
07 Sep' 21

Rabies

Rabies is a lethal virus that can be avoided. If bitten or scratched by a rabid animal, it can transmit to humans and pets. Rabies...
Black fungus: All you need to know
07 Sep' 21

Black fungus: All you need to know

Amid the fear of the COVID-19 pandemic, a new sickness has developed as an epidemic in areas of India. Mucormycosis, often known a...
Deep Vein Thrombosis
07 Sep' 21

Deep Vein Thrombosis

When a cut is sealed, blood clots can save your life. When they form inside an artery or vein, they can be hazardous, even fatal. ...