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What exactly is Dengue Fever?
27 Jan' 21

What exactly is Dengue Fever?

 

Dengue viruses are transmitted to humans via mosquito bites from infected Aedes species (Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus). Dengue fever affects over half of the world's population or about 4 billion people. Dengue fever is a common cause of sickness in high-risk settings. 

Symptoms  
Mild symptoms of dengue might be confused with any other illness which causes fever, aches, pain or rash. 
 
Fever with any of the following symptoms is the most prevalent symptom of dengue fever:  
  • Rash 
  • Nausea 
  • Vomiting  
  • Aches and pains (usually behind the eyes), muscle, joint, or bone pain 
  • Any other warning sign  
  • Dengue fever symptoms usually last 2–7 days. After roughly a week, the majority of folks will be back to normal. 
Treatment  
  • Dengue fever does not have a specific treatment.  
  • Treat the symptoms of dengue fever and make an appointment with your doctor, If you suspect you have dengue fever. 
If you develop a fever or have symptoms of dengue fever 
  • See a doctor. Inform him or her of your trip.  
  • As much as possible, rest.  
To lower temperature and ease pain, take acetaminophen (also known as paracetamol) 
  • Take no aspirin or ibuprofen!  
  • Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water. Drink electrolyte-fortified water or sports beverages.  
  • Care for a sick infant, kid, or family member at home if the symptoms are moderate.  
Dengue fever symptoms can become severe in a matter of hours. Dengue fever is a medical emergency. 
  • Dengue fever affects about 1 in every 20 people who contract it.  
  • Dengue fever can cause shock, internal hemorrhage, and even death in severe cases.  
  • If you've had dengue before, you're more likely to get severe dengue this time.  
  • Dengue fever is more likely to affect infants and pregnant women.  
Symptoms of a severe case of dengue fever  
  • Keep an eye out for signs and symptoms of severe dengue fever.  
  • The warning signals normally appear 24–48 hours after your fever has subsided. 
If you or a family member exhibits any of the symptoms listed below, go to a local clinic or emergency department right once. 
  • Tenderness and pain in the abdomen  
  • Vomiting at least 3 times in 24 hours 
  • Bleeding from the nose or gums is a common occurrence.  
  • Blood in the vomit or in the stool  
  • Exhausted, restless, or irritable 
Severe dengue fever treatment  
  • If you see any warning signals, visit a doctor or go to the emergency room right away.  
  • A severe case of dengue fever is a medical emergency. It necessitates urgent medical attention at a clinic or hospital.  
  • If you're traveling, look for medical care in another country. 

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