Visual stories

Categories

Scurvy explained
27 Jan' 21

Scurvy explained

 

 

Scurvy, also known as severe vitamin C deficiency, is a disease caused by a lack of vitamin C. Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, it is a necessary component in the diet. It affects the growth and operation of a variety of body structures and systems including: The appropriate development of collagen, a protein that aids in the shape and stability of the body's connective tissues; cholesterol and protein metabolism; iron absorption; antioxidant action; wound healing and neurotransmitters such as dopamine and adrenaline production.

What are some of the signs and symptoms of scurvy?

Vitamin C has a variety of functions in the body. A vitamin shortage generates a slew of symptoms. Scurvy symptoms usually appear after at least four weeks of severe, ongoing vitamin C insufficiency. Symptoms, on the other hand, usually take three months or longer to appear.   

Symptoms to Look Out For

The following are early warning signs and symptoms of scurvy:   

  • weakness  
  • fatigue 
  • irritation and a loss of appetite  
  • Legs that hurt  
  • Fever of a mild intensity   

After one to three months, symptoms appear.

 

After one to three months, untreated scurvy can cause the following symptoms: 

  • bruising-like raised lumps at hair follicles, usually on the shins
  • anemia, when the blood lacks enough red blood cells or hemoglobin
  • gingivitis, or red, soft, and tender gums that bleed easily
  • skin hemorrhages, or bleeding under the skin  
  • Tender, swelling joints 
  • tooth decay  
  • shortness of breath  
  • chest discomfort  
  • eye dryness 
  • irritation and bleeding in the conjunctiva (whites of the eyes) or optic nerve  
  • wound healing and immune system health are both harmed.

Scurvy, if left untreated, can lead to life-threatening complications.

Read more Here's why eating oranges can help you lose weight 

Complications that are severe

Long-term, untreated scurvy can cause the following symptoms and complications:  

  • Internal hemorrhaging neuropathy, or numbness and discomfort in the lower limbs and hands
  • severe jaundice, which is yellowing of the skin and eyes
  • widespread pain, tenderness.
  •  hemolysis
  • convulsions  
  • failure of the organs  
  • delirium 
  • coma 
  • death 

Causes and risk factors

Vitamin C is a nutrient that your body cannot produce on its own. That means you must obtain all of the vitamin C your body requires through food, beverages, or supplementation.The majority of people who have scurvy don't have access to fresh fruits and vegetables, and they don't eat a nutritious diet. Scurvy affects a large number of people in poor countries. Scurvy may be significantly more common in affluent countries than previously thought, according to recent public health surveys, especially among at-risk populations. Medical issues and lifestyle choices both contribute to the condition's risk.

Malnutrition and scurvy are caused by a number of circumstances, including:  

  • Being a child or being over the age of 65 
  • alcohol consumption on a daily basis  
  • illicit drug usage  
  • When you live alone, you may need to follow a rigorous or specific diet.  
  • low income, limited access to healthy foods  
  • is a homeless person or a refugee living in a place where fresh fruits and vegetables are scarce  
  • Psychiatric diseases include fear of food, such as eating disorders.  
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis are examples of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that cause neurological impairments.  
  • gastrointestinal or metabolic issues  
  • Living in a place where the culture's food is nearly exclusively made up of carbs such as bread, pasta, and corn has a negative impact on one's immune system.  
  • Dehydration, persistent diarrhea, smoking, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy

Diagnosis

If your doctor suspects you have scurvy, he or she will ask about your food history, look for symptoms, and request a blood test. The vitamin C levels in your blood serum will be determined by a blood test. Vitamin C levels in the blood serum of persons with scurvy are usually less than 11 mol/L.

Read more Is it possible to consume too much Vitamin C and experience early or delayed periods?

Treatment

Scurvy is a relatively simple disease to treat, despite its severe symptoms.Vitamin C can be found in a variety of fruits and vegetables. It's also commonly used in drinks, cereals, and snacks. If you feel you have a mild case of scurvy, the best method to treat it is to eat at least five servings of fruits and vegetables every day.Oral vitamin C pills are commonly accessible, and most multivitamins contain the vitamin. Consult a doctor if symptoms persist after a few days of dietary modifications. A doctor may prescribe high-doses of oral vitamin C supplements for several weeks to months in severe, chronic instances of scurvy. 

For expert advice click here  

Comments

Write your first comment.

Leave us reply:

Related Blogs

AIDS
07 Dec' 21

AIDS

AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, is a chronic, possibly fatal condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HI...
Is Zika virus contagious?
07 Nov' 21

Is Zika virus contagious?

The Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that was first discovered in monkeys in Uganda in 1947. It was originally detected i...
Why jaundice occurs in newborn?
07 Nov' 21

Why jaundice occurs in newborn?

The majority of newborn newborns turn a little yellow. This condition, known as jaundice, is a very frequent and typically harmles...
Psoriasis treatment
07 Nov' 21

Psoriasis treatment

Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes red, itchy scaly patches on the knees, elbows, trunk, and scalp, among other places. Ps...
What are the effects of Raynaud's disease?
07 Nov' 21

What are the effects of Raynaud's disease?

Raynaud's illness (ray-NOSE) causes numbness and coldness in some parts of your body, such as your fingers and toes, in response t...
How rickets affect your life?
07 Nov' 21

How rickets affect your life?

Rickets is a condition in which children's bones soften and deteriorate as a result of a severe and long-term vitamin D deficit. G...
How does alkaptonuria affect the human body?
07 Nov' 21

How does alkaptonuria affect the human body?

Alkaptonuria, sometimes known as "black urine illness," is a rare genetic disorder in which the body is unable to fully break down...
Why does vertigo keep coming back?
07 Nov' 21

Why does vertigo keep coming back?

Vertigo is a sense of being thrown off balance. You may feel as if you are spinning or that the world around you is spinning if yo...
Yes, the Bubonic Plague is still present, but there's no need to be concerned
07 Nov' 21

Yes, the Bubonic Plague is still present, but there's no need to be concerned

The plague is a dangerous bacterial infection spread mostly by fleas. Yersinia pestis, the bacterium that causes plague, dwells in...
Why leprosy is referred to as living death?
07 Nov' 21

Why leprosy is referred to as living death?

Leprosy is a contagious disease that causes disfiguring skin sores and nerve damage in the arms, legs, and other regions of the bo...
Which toxin causes scarlet fever?
07 Nov' 21

Which toxin causes scarlet fever?

Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection caused by Streptococcus bacteria from the group A family. This illness affects a small perc...
Can benign prostatic hyperplasia be cured?
07 Nov' 21

Can benign prostatic hyperplasia be cured?

The most frequent benign tumor in males is benign prostatic hyperplasia, which is a noncancerous growth of the prostate gland. BP...
Can glaucoma be cured?
07 Nov' 21

Can glaucoma be cured?

Glaucoma is a set of eye diseases that affect the optic nerve, which transmits visual information from the retina to the brain and...
Pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms and treatment
07 Nov' 21

Pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms and treatment

The infection of the female reproductive organs is known as a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). It usually happens when bacteria ...
Will appendicitis go away?
07 Nov' 21

Will appendicitis go away?

Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a finger-shaped pouch on the lower right side of your belly that projects from yo
Hepatitis A symptoms and treatment
07 Nov' 21

Hepatitis A symptoms and treatment

Hepatitis A is a liver infection brought on by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The virus is spread largely when an uninfected (and un...
Will ulcerative colitis go away ?
07 Nov' 21

Will ulcerative colitis go away ?

The inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) ulcerative colitis causes inflammation and ulcers (sores) in the digestive tract. The innermo...
What causes a urinary tract infection?
07 Oct' 21

What causes a urinary tract infection?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) affects any component of your urinary system, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra...
What causes Anemia ?
07 Oct' 21

What causes Anemia ?

Anemia is a disorder in which the blood has an insufficient number of red blood cells. Anemia can make it harder for tissues to ac...
Can tetanus kill you ?
07 Oct' 21

Can tetanus kill you ?

Tetanus is a dangerous nervous system infection caused by toxin-producing bacteria. Muscle spasms, particularly in the jaw and nec...
Will Lyme disease kill you ?
07 Oct' 21

Will Lyme disease kill you ?

Lyme disease is caused by four different bacterium types. Lyme disease is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii in t...
Wilsons Disease symptoms and treatment
07 Oct' 21

Wilsons Disease symptoms and treatment

Wilson's illness is a rare genetic condition in which copper builds up in the liver, brain, and other important organs. Wilson's i...
Cholera
07 Oct' 21

Cholera

Cholera is a bacterial infection spread by drinking polluted water. Cholera causes dehydration and severe diarrhea. Cholera, if le...
Retinoblastoma
07 Oct' 21

Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma is a type of eye cancer that starts in the retina, which is the delicate inner lining of your eye. Retinoblastoma i...
Irritable bowel syndrome
07 Oct' 21

Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affects the large intestine and is a prevalent condition. Cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, ...
Kawasaki disease criteria
07 Oct' 21

Kawasaki disease criteria

Swelling (inflammation) of the walls of medium-sized arteries throughout the body is a symptom of Kawasaki illness. It is primaril...
Xeroderma pigmentosum
07 Oct' 21

Xeroderma pigmentosum

Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a relatively rare skin disorder in which a person is extremely photosensitive, has rapid skin ageing...
Parkinson's disease symptoms and treatment
07 Oct' 21

Parkinson's disease symptoms and treatment

This degenerative condition, which usually strikes adults over the age of 65, gradually robs people of their motor abilities, leav...
Keratosis pilaris
07 Oct' 21

Keratosis pilaris

Keratosis pilaris is a benign skin disorder that develops dry, rough patches and little bumps on the upper arms, thighs, cheeks, a...
Tuberculosis
07 Oct' 21

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially fatal infectious illness affecting mostly the lungs. Tuberculosis bacteria are communicated fro...
Rheumatic Fever
07 Oct' 21

Rheumatic Fever

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory condition that can arise from untreated strep throat or scarlet fever. An infection with the st...
Kwashiorkor
07 Oct' 21

Kwashiorkor

What is the cause of kwashiorkor? Lack of protein in the diet causes Kwashiorkor. Protein is found in every cell in your body...
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
07 Oct' 21

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

Lupus is a disease in which the immune system of your body assaults your tissues and organs (autoimmune disease). Lupus can induce...
Measles
07 Oct' 21

Measles

Measles, often known as rubeola, is a dangerous illness that can be fatal in young children. Despite the fact that death rates hav...
Shigella
07 Oct' 21

Shigella

Shigellosis (Shigella infection) is an intestinal infection caused by the shigella bacteria family. The most common symptom of shi...
Hemorrhoids
07 Oct' 21

Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids, often known as piles, are bulging veins in the anus and lower rectum that resemble varicose veins. Internal hemorrhoi...
What is fatty liver disease and what can be done about it?
07 Oct' 21

What is fatty liver disease and what can be done about it?

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a condition characterized by abnormal fat deposition in the liver, is on the rise in th...
What exactly is Dengue Fever?
07 Oct' 21

What exactly is Dengue Fever?

Dengue viruses are transmitted to humans via mosquito bites from infected Aedes species (Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus). Dengu...
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, What Exactly is PCOS?
07 Oct' 21

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, What Exactly is PCOS?

Skin and hair problems are often the most visible symptoms of PCOS, and thus the cause for seeking medical help. Menstrual abnorma...
World heart day 2021: Heart Attack Symptoms, Risk and Recovery
07 Sep' 21

World heart day 2021: Heart Attack Symptoms, Risk and Recovery

When one or more regions of the heart muscle are deprived of oxygen, a heart attack (myocardial infarction) occurs. When blood sup...
Rabies
07 Sep' 21

Rabies

Rabies is a lethal virus that can be avoided. If bitten or scratched by a rabid animal, it can transmit to humans and pets. Rabies...
Black fungus: All you need to know
07 Sep' 21

Black fungus: All you need to know

Amid the fear of the COVID-19 pandemic, a new sickness has developed as an epidemic in areas of India. Mucormycosis, often known a...
Deep Vein Thrombosis
07 Sep' 21

Deep Vein Thrombosis

When a cut is sealed, blood clots can save your life. When they form inside an artery or vein, they can be hazardous, even fatal. ...