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Can tetanus kill you ?
27 Jan' 21

Can tetanus kill you ?

 

 

Tetanus is a dangerous nervous system infection caused by toxin-producing bacteria. Muscle spasms, particularly in the jaw and neck, are a symptom of the condition. Lockjaw is a frequent name for tetanus.  

  

Severe tetanus consequences can be fatal. Tetanus has no treatment. Until the tetanus toxin's effects fade, treatment focuses on treating symptoms and consequences. 

  

Symptoms  

The following are signs and symptoms of widespread tetanus:  

  • In your jaw, you may have painful muscle spasms and stiff, immovable muscles (muscle rigidity).  
  • Muscle tension around your lips, which might result in a continuous grin.  
  • Neck muscular spasms and rigidity are painful.  
  • Swallowing problems  
  • Rigid abdominal muscles 

  

Causes  

  

Clostridium tetani are the bacteria that cause tetanus. In soil and animal feces, the bacterium can persist in a latent form. It's essentially turned off until it can find a new home.  

  

The cells are "awakened" when the dormant bacteria enter a wound, which is a favorable environment for growth. They release a poison called tetanospasmin as they divide and grow. The poison damages the nerves that govern muscles in the body. 

  

Risk Factors  

  

The most significant risk factor for tetanus infection is not receiving a tetanus vaccine or failing to receive 10-year booster injections. 

  

Diagnosis  

  

Tetanus is diagnosed through a physical examination, medical and immunization history, as well as the signs and symptoms of muscle spasms, rigidity, and pain. A laboratory test would most likely be conducted only if your doctor feels that the signs and symptoms are caused by anything else.  

  

Treatment  

  

Tetanus has no treatment. A tetanus infection necessitates immediate medical attention as well as long-term supportive care as the disease progresses. Wound care, symptom-relieving drugs, and supportive care are commonly provided in an intensive care unit.  

  

The illness lasts roughly two weeks, and recovery might take up to a month.  

  

Wound treatment 

 

Cleaning your wound is necessary to eliminate dirt, debris, and foreign objects that could harbor bacteria. Your medical team will also remove any dead tissue from the site that could create a breeding ground for bacteria.  

  

Medications  

  

Toxins that have not yet harmed nerve tissues are targeted with antitoxin therapy. A human antibody to the toxin is used in this treatment, which is known as passive immunization.  

Muscle spasms can be controlled by sedatives that slow the nervous system's action.  

Getting vaccinated against tetanus with one of the basic tetanus vaccines aids your immune system in fighting the toxins.  

Antibiotics, either orally or intravenously, may aid in the fight against tetanus germs.

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