Visual stories

Categories

Kwashiorkor
27 Jan' 21

Kwashiorkor

 

 

What is the cause of kwashiorkor?  

Lack of protein in the diet causes Kwashiorkor. Protein is found in every cell in your body. Protein is required in your diet for your body to repair and replace cells. This is how a healthy human body regenerates cells on a regular basis. Protein is particularly necessary for growth in children and during pregnancy. When the body is deficient in protein, growth and regular bodily functions slow down, and kwashiorkor develops.  
  
Kwashiorkor is more common in regions where food is scarce or nonexistent. In Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, and Central America, it is usually prevalent in children and newborns. During times of hunger induced by natural calamities — such as droughts or floods — or political upheaval, these countries often have a limited supply or absence of food. People can also develop this illness due to a lack of dietary understanding and regional reliance on low-protein foods, such as the maize-based diets of many South American countries.  
  
This illness is uncommon in countries where the majority of people have enough food and can consume enough protein. If kwashiorkor is detected in the United States, it is usually found in children or elderly individuals and might be a result of abuse, neglect, or fad diets. It could also be a symptom of a more serious underlying illness, such as HIV. 
 
What are some of the signs and symptoms of kwashiorkor?  
 
The following are some of the signs and symptoms of kwashiorkor:  
  
-hue shifts in the skin and hair (to a rust color) & texture exhaustion  
-muscular mass decrease due to diarrhea  
-failure to gain weight or grow  
-The immune system is harmed by edema (swelling) of the ankles, feet, and abdomen, which can lead to more frequent and severe infections.  
-irritability  
-shock with a flaky rash 
 
How can you know if you have kwashiorkor?  
 
If you have kwashiorkor, your doctor will examine you to see if you have an enlarged liver (hepatomegaly) or edema. Following that, blood and urine tests to determine the level of protein and sugar in your blood may be ordered.  
  
Other tests on your blood and urine may be performed to detect signs of malnutrition and protein deficiency. These tests may measure kidney function, overall health, and growth as well as look for muscle breakdown. These tests include the following:  
  
-Arterial blood gas 
-Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)  
-Creatinine levels in the blood  
-potassium levels in the blood 
- urinalysis 
- full blood count (CBC) 
 
What is the treatment for kwashiorkor?  
 
Kwashiorkor can be treated by eating more protein and calories in general, particularly if treatment begins early.  
 More calories in the form of carbohydrates, sweets, and fats may be given to you initially. You will be given protein-rich foods once these calories have provided you with energy. Because you have been without sufficient nutrition for a long time, foods must be gradually introduced and calories increased. It's possible that your body will need to acclimate to the increased consumption.  
 Your doctor may also advise you to add vitamin and mineral supplements to your diet on a long-term basis. 
 
What are the kwashiorkor complications?  
 
Children with kwashiorkor may never reach their full development and height potential, even with treatment. A child's physical and mental problems may be permanent if treatment is received too late. The illness can progress to unconsciousness, shock, or death if left untreated. 
 
Knowing what to eat and what to look out for  
 
Kwashiorkor can be avoided by consuming a sufficient amount of calories and protein-rich foods. Protein should account for 10 to 35 percent of an adult's daily calories, according to the Institute of Medicine Trusted Source. Protein should account for five to twenty percent of young children's daily calories and ten to thirty percent of older children's and teenagers' daily calories.  
  
Protein can be found in a variety of foods, including:  
  
- Seafood 
- eggs  
- beans 
- peas 
- almonds 
- seeds 

Comments

Write your first comment.

Leave us reply:

Related Blogs

Tuberculosis
07 Oct' 21

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially fatal infectious illness affecting mostly the lungs. Tuberculosis bacteria are communicated fro...
Rheumatic Fever
07 Oct' 21

Rheumatic Fever

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory condition that can arise from untreated strep throat or scarlet fever. An infection with the st...
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
07 Oct' 21

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

Lupus is a disease in which the immune system of your body assaults your own tissues and organs (autoimmune disease). Lupus can in...
Measles
07 Oct' 21

Measles

Measles, often known as rubeola, is a dangerous illness that can be fatal in young children. Despite the fact that death rates hav...
Shigella
07 Oct' 21

Shigella

Shigellosis (shigelella infection) is an intestine infection caused by the shigella bacteria family. The most common symptom of sh...
Hemorrhoids
07 Oct' 21

Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids, often known as piles, are bulging veins in the anus and lower rectum that resemble varicose veins. Internal hemorrhoi...
What is fatty liver disease and what can be done about it?
07 Oct' 21

What is fatty liver disease and what can be done about it?

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a condition characterized by abnormal fat deposition in the liver, is on the rise in th...
What exactly is Dengue Fever?
07 Oct' 21

What exactly is Dengue Fever?

Dengue viruses are transmitted to humans via mosquito bites from infected Aedes species (Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus). Dengu...
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, What Exactly is PCOS?
07 Oct' 21

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, What Exactly is PCOS?

Skin and hair problems are often the most visible symptoms of PCOS, and thus the cause for seeking medical help. Menstrual abnorma...
World heart day 2021: Heart Attack Symptoms, Risk and Recovery
07 Sep' 21

World heart day 2021: Heart Attack Symptoms, Risk and Recovery

When one or more regions of the heart muscle are deprived of oxygen, a heart attack (myocardial infarction) occurs. When blood sup...
Rabies
07 Sep' 21

Rabies

Rabies is a lethal virus that can be avoided. If bitten or scratched by a rabid animal, it can transmit to humans and pets. Rabies...
Black fungus: All you need to know
07 Sep' 21

Black fungus: All you need to know

In the midst of the fear of the COVID-19 pandemic, a new sickness has developed as an epidemic in areas of India. Mucormycosis, of...
Deep Vein Thrombosis
07 Sep' 21

Deep Vein Thrombosis

When a cut is sealed, blood clots can save your life. When they form inside an artery or vein, they can be hazardous, even fatal. ...