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Understanding the Relationship Between Diabetes and Vision
27 Jan' 21

Understanding the Relationship Between Diabetes and Vision

 

 

Diabetes is well-known for its ability to raise blood sugar levels. This chronic health issue, on the other hand, increases your risk of acquiring eye diseases that can lead to blindness.

 

 

"High blood sugar levels can harm blood vessels in the retina—the part of the eye that transmits information to the brain. "  

  

Diabetic retinopathy is a type of vision loss that might start years before you notice any changes in your vision." Diabetic macular edema, a primary cause of visual loss in diabetics, can develop as a result of the illness. 

Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of reversible blindness in the United States. According to the National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health, over 40% of people with diabetes have some form of retinopathy. At first, the tiny blood vessels in the eye may enlarge. Blood and nutrients may not be able to reach certain parts of the retina later if there are blockages.As your body tries to transport blood to the retina in the later stages of diabetic retinopathy, new blood vessels form. However, the new vessels have the potential to leak and obstruct vision. 

 

Also read Diabetic stomach pain : Why and how to deal with it ?

  

Diabetic patients are also 60 percent more likely to develop cataracts (a condition in which the clear lens of the eye becomes hazy, limiting light). 

It also increases your chances of developing glaucoma by 40%. Glaucoma is a disorder in which the optic nerve, which transports information from the eyes to the brain, is destroyed by pressure. 


 

There are, however, steps you may do to protect your vision.

 

 

Maintain a healthy blood sugar level. "To achieve your blood sugar objectives, work with your doctor". “Eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly and take your medications as prescribed.” Lowering blood sugar levels can cut the risk of microvascular consequences, such as eye illness, by 25%. 

Keep an eye on your blood pressure. Control your blood pressure as directed by your doctor to help preserve tiny blood vessels in your eyes from further damage and lower your chance of vision loss.  

 

Also read What causes the blood sugar to spike around 3 a.m?

  

Every year, get a dilated eye exam. An ophthalmologist or optometrist who is familiar with diabetic patients can do a dilated eye exam to discover problems in the eyes early. "Early detection allows you to take advantage of therapies like laser therapy to protect your eyes". "Keeping your blood sugar and blood pressure under control gives you more time to protect your vision."

  

Please don't smoke. Tobacco use might aggravate eye problems. 

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